# 考试包括哪些内容？

## Analytical Writing （分析性写作）

### 该部分有两个写作任务

“Analyze an Issue” 和 “Analyze an Argument”

每个任务 30 分钟

你需要撰写两篇文章，每篇独立计时。一篇要求你阐明自己在某个重要话题上的观点，另一篇则需要你对已有的逻辑论证进行评估。

每个写作任务都会给你一个写作主题以及相应的方向性指导。

评分将基于你是否完成了题目的写作要求，并在论述过程中结合辩证性思维进行分析性写作。

了解有关 Analytical Writing
的更多信息、样题和答题技巧，请访问 **ets.org/gre**。

## 任务样题

以下是 issue task 的样题：

As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate.

Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

这里有**例文**以供参考，还有答题策略和评分规则等信息。

## ISSUE TASK 样题

以下是 issue task 的样题：

As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate.

Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

这里有例文以供参考，还有答题策略和评分规则等信息。

## Verbal Reasoning （文字推理）

### 两个部分

每个部分 20 道题

每个部分 30 分钟

## 题型：

Text Completion Questions（段落完型填空）

每道题包括一篇一到五句话的短文，内有一到三处空格。如果只有一处空格，那么有五个选项；如果超过一处空格，针对每处空格有三个选项供选择。

Reading Comprehension Questions （阅读理解）

- 单项选择题

传统的选择题，你需要从五个答案选项中选出一项正确的。 - 多项选择题

从每题三个选项中选出所有正确选项；正确选项可能有一个、两个或三个。你必须选出所有正确选项且只选择正确选项才能得分。错选、漏选均不得分。 - 段中点选题

这类问题要求你在文章段落中选出一个符合题目描述的句子。选择句子并用鼠标点击（点击句子任意部分可高亮整句）即可完成答题。

Sentence Equivalence Questions（同义词填空）

此类题目包含一个句子，内有一个空格，针对该空格有六个答案选项。你需要选出两个正确选项。部分答对不得分。

如需了解关于 Verbal Reasoning 部分的更多信息，包括其他样题和答题技巧，请访问 ets.org/gre。

## 段落完形填空样题

### For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (i)__________ by politics: well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (ii)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (iii)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

Blank (i) | Blank (ii) | Blank (iii) |
---|---|---|

(A) overshadowed | (D) enhance | (G) plausibility of our hypotheses |

(B) invalidated | (E) obscure | (H) certainty of our entitlement |

(C) illuminated | (F) underscore | (I) superficiality of our theories |

### Explanation

The overall tone of the passage is clearly complimentary. To understand what the author of the book is being complimented on, it is useful to focus on the second blank. Here, we must determine what word would indicate something that the author is praised for not permitting. The only answer choice that fits the case is "obscure," since enhancing and underscoring are generally good things to do, not things one should refrain from doing. Choosing "obscure" clarifies the choice for the first blank; the only choice that fits well with "obscure" is "overshadowed." Notice that trying to fill blank (i) without filling blank (ii) first is hard — each choice has at least some initial plausibility. Since the third blank requires a phrase that matches "enormous gaps" and "sparseness of our observations," the best choice is "superficiality of our theories."

Thus the correct answer is Choice A (overshadowed), Choice E (obscure) and Choice I (superficiality of our theories).

## Text Completion 样题

### For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (i)__________ by politics: well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (ii)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (iii)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

Blank (i) | Blank (ii) | Blank (iii) |
---|---|---|

(A) overshadowed | (D) enhance | (G) plausibility of our hypotheses |

(B) invalidated | (E) obscure | (H) certainty of our entitlement |

(C) illuminated | (F) underscore | (I) superficiality of our theories |

### Explanation

The overall tone of the passage is clearly complimentary. To understand what the author of the book is being complimented on, it is useful to focus on the second blank. Here, we must determine what word would indicate something that the author is praised for not permitting. The only answer choice that fits the case is "obscure," since enhancing and underscoring are generally good things to do, not things one should refrain from doing. Choosing "obscure" clarifies the choice for the first blank; the only choice that fits well with "obscure" is "overshadowed." Notice that trying to fill blank (i) without filling blank (ii) first is hard — each choice has at least some initial plausibility. Since the third blank requires a phrase that matches "enormous gaps" and "sparseness of our observations," the best choice is "superficiality of our theories."

Thus the correct answer is Choice A (overshadowed), Choice E (obscure) and Choice I (superficiality of our theories).

## Quantitative Reasoning（数量推理）

### 两个部分

每个部分 20 道题

每个部分 35 分钟

考察基本的数学技能和概念（算数、代数、几何及数据分析）。在这个部分中，你可以使用屏幕上的计算器！

## 题型：

单项选择题

从五个选项中选出一个正确答案。

多项选择题

从一系列选项中选出一个或多个正确答案。题目中可能告知也可能不告知正确选项的个数。

Numeric Entry Questions（数字填空题）

没有可选项，需要你在空格中输入答案。

Quantitative Comparison Questions（数量比较题）

比较两个数量，并从一系列陈述中选出对比较结果描述得更准确的选项。

如需了解更多关于数量推理的信息，包括其他样题和答题技巧，请访问 ets.org/gre.

## Quantitative Reasoning 样题

Directions: Compare Quantity A and Quantity B, using additional information centered above the two quantities if such information is given, and select one of the following four answer choices:

(A) Quantity A is greater.

(B) Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

__Quantity A__

The least prime number greater than

24

__Quantity B__

The greatest prime number less than

28

(A) Quantity A is greater.

(B) Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

### Explanation

For the integers greater than 24, note that 25, 26, 27, and 28 are not prime numbers, but 29 is a prime number, as are 31 and many other greater integers. Thus, 29 is the least prime number greater than 24, and Quantity A is 29. For the integers less than 28, note that 27, 26, 25, and 24 are not prime numbers, but 23 is a prime number, as are 19 and several other lesser integers. Thus, 23 is the greatest prime number less than 28, and Quantity B is 23. Thus, the correct answer is Choice A, Quantity A is greater.

## Quantitative Comparison Sample Question

Directions: Compare Quantity A and Quantity B, using additional information centered above the two quantities if such information is given, and select one of the following four answer choices:

(A) Quantity A is greater.

(B) Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

__Quantity A__

The least prime number greater than

24

__Quantity B__

The greatest prime number less than

28

(A) Quantity A is greater.

(B) Quantity B is greater.

(C) The two quantities are equal.

(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

### Explanation

For the integers greater than 24, note that 25, 26, 27, and 28 are not prime numbers, but 29 is a prime number, as are 31 and many other greater integers. Thus, 29 is the least prime number greater than 24, and Quantity A is 29. For the integers less than 28, note that 27, 26, 25, and 24 are not prime numbers, but 23 is a prime number, as are 19 and several other lesser integers. Thus, 23 is the greatest prime number less than 28, and Quantity B is 23. Thus, the correct answer is Choice A, Quantity A is greater.

## Unscored Sections （不计分部分）

这部分题目用于测试今后考试中使用这些题目的可能性，或是用于确保新版本考试的成绩与旧版本的成绩具有可比性。文字推理、数量推理和不标明/不计分的部分可能会以任何顺序出现，因此你需要用正式考试的态度认真对待每个部分。

标明为研究用题的部分（an identified research section）可能会代替不计分部分出现在考试中。该部分题目通常出现在考试的最后，将用于 ETS 的研究目的，不计入你的成绩。